PatMurphy active shooter, Crime Analysis, Negligent Security, Public Speaking and Security Training, School security, Security Assessments, Security Expert Witness, Security Guards, Security Management, Uncategorized, Workplace violence expert witness
Armed School Teachers
Is it a disaster waiting to happen or a Godsend? It depends. Here are my recommendations for this type of armed response in schools:
- Before there is a decision as to the path to take, make certain legal counsel is on board day one.
- What standards are going to be used to develop the hiring, training, and supervision as well as policy and procedures? There are no industry standards for this approach. The “standard” will be whatever the school district adopts unless standards are established through the government. That means your school district and its employees fully own the program. Liability for friendly fire, inadequate response, over response, failure to properly deploy, failure to adequately vet, train, and supervise need to be fully understood. A school teacher with a gun does not get a free pass if they shoot a student.
- Should all volunteers just be allowed to participate? This is a standard that needs establishment. Are the volunteers mentally and emotionally able to take another person’s life? Are they able to disregard their personal safety (as a trained teacher)? Can they focus? These questions will need to be assessed by professionals. Law Enforcement mentality is needed.
- What will be the standard firearms(s). Will there be matching firepower against an AR 15 or AK 47? Which handgun will they need to qualify with. Yes, they will have to qualify and re-certify.
- So you have them selected, vetted, and range-qualified. Now what? Drills of course. How much time and money is the school district willing to spend to constantly train BOTH the school and the teacher? This is clearly not a one and done. Are they working on force suppression or counter attack? How do they communicate internally and with law enforcement? Who’s in charge?
- Is the team “on duty” from the time the first student arrives until the lights go out? What about sporting events, plays, concerts?
- How does the security team identify themselves during the chaos? Do they wear a red armband or are they wearing ballistic vests with SECURITY emblazoned across them? If they are the quick reaction team, should they then be wearing their gear all the time?
- Is every school administrator on board…under penalty of termination if not. Where is the stick for the carrot? What information will your PTO want? How will the media be handled>
- Who has oversight? Who is going to be accountable (not responsible) for ensuring the plans meet the standards?
This is far more complex than the issues I have raised. Sure there are schools in the country that have armed teachers. Are they the good ol’ boys who are huntin’ buddies or are they a cohesive team? Just wearing a gun will never be enough.
The last consideration I want to mention is that most schools have open campuses. Doors aren’t locked or they are propped open to facilitate kids and teachers moving around campus. The buildings are porous, the office can’t see those who enter, and the perimeter is nothing more than a sidewalk. Should there be capital spent on an integrated security camera system and card access system? There must be a deterrent level, a detection level, and a denial level. Once the bad guy is in the building the role is to save remaining lives. How many will be killed before an effective response? The security planning aspect must fully compliment the desired end results. That will require hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Time and money. That’s all this requires…right? No. This requires so much planning and preparation that there is one thing that must be top of mind: Once you start this, you can never discontinue it.
I’ve been in the security and law enforcement arena since 1975. I have designed active shooter programs from the planning and analysis side. I have an encyclopedia of knowledge related to security liability. Even the thought of undertaking this approach is mind-numbing as the requirements and commitment is greater than anything a school will do. This is clearly not for a dusty 3 ringed binder.
The above is not intended to provide legal advice. It is intended to broaden the understanding and complexity of the planning considerations. There are no standards. Consult with both civilian and law enforcement advisors and don’t leave out the attorneys.
Houston Houses Of Worship Struggle To Stay Welcoming, With An Eye On Security
Since the Sutherland Springs tragedy, people have been questioning if more could be done to protect churches. But, some places of worship already have security measures in place, which evolved from a history of being targeted.
Congregants gathered for Friday prayer, at the River Oaks Islamic Center. Over a hundred pairs of shoes, from cowboy boots to Birkenstock’s, were neatly lined up along the wall. After prayers, many congregants wrote out cards of solidarity and condolence, for the victims of the First Baptist Church shooting in Sutherland Springs. More…
Houston Church Security Training, click here.
PatMurphy Background checks, church security, church security training, Public Speaking and Security Training, Security Assessments, Security Expert Witness, Security Guards, Security Management, Uncategorized, Workplace violence expert witness
Church Security: What is YOUR plan?
After every mass shooting, the experts come out and provide news outlets with their opinions on everything from gun control to background checks to police response. The news media does not, however, provide any insight into how things could have been done differently to save lives. Those decisions are left to the local community with little direction on where to obtain information. Church security training is necessary in today’s world and it starts with a thorough plan.
In my security career of over 40 years I have learned many things about the difference between the knowledge of risks versus how to prepare and plan accordingly. Whether it is a church, an office building, a school or a nightclub, there are basic approaches to plan development. What differentiates security planning for a church or school is the varied age groups, the location where people are known to gather, and the fact that people in these environments are very unassuming. Who would shoot a church or school full of kids and adults? This is not predictable and, for that reason, an emergency plan is suggested.
I use the term “suggested” because there are no standards as to what a security plan contains or how to approach it. The security planning must be specific to both the environment (church or school) and the intricacies of building layouts. For some there are large campuses of a multitude of buildings that need individual plans but ultimately there needs to be a method for notifying everyone of a particular danger.
A security assessment of a church begins with meeting the decision makers to best understand their concerns. This expands to others within the organization who are the line staff to understand their concerns. Decision makers don’t always know specific fears or observed dangers of others. That is where the process begins: conversation.
Security and safety planning does have methodology but the experienced security consultant knows to look for things that are not in place that could bolster security. It simply takes a fresh look to see things through a different lens. A fear of many who are considering security planning by an outside consultant is that the consultant will make recommendations that are complex, expensive, and the solutions may not be as transparent. That is not how I conduct assessments. My corporate experience taught me that simple programs last longer and are easy to update.
A church may want to expand their security training to include defensive tactics by armed volunteers. This aspect is where there is overlap between the assessment findings and planning the proper armed training. An aspect that is rarely considered in planning is the liability of armed staff or volunteers. This requires involvement of legal counsel to understand the path that is being taken. This is truly a holistic approach.
Firearm training should be conducted by licensed trainers. However, there is a wide difference between shooting at paper targets on a range and implementing an active shooter protocol within your own buildings. Learning when to move and when to stay put is very important. Learning where to move is even more important! Those skills can only be applied within your own facility. That is our approach. Is this with live ammunition? No. But even with training-firearms, you will learn a great deal regarding defensive positions and emergency evacuation.
LPT Security Consulting and ISI Training Center (see a list of their clients) are both licensed providers that can provide the best of both worlds to help your church or school gain new insight and new skills. Our mission is critical to saving lives and we will provide the resources that allows you to accomplish that.
Call us if you’d like to discuss our church security planning and firearm training. We are more than happy to help. We are based in Houston, Texas.
713-899-2402 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
The malicious “ransomware” attacks that seized computers worldwide Friday and held those systems hostage are likely to worsen this week as millions of people return to work — forcing them to discover the hard way whether they have been affected, security analysts said.
With much of the world still reeling from the digital breach that prevented people from receiving hospital care, a second wave of what European officials have called “the biggest ransomware attack ever” could be devastating.
“They’re going to turn on their computers in the morning and find out if they were protected or not,” said James Barnett, a security expert at Venable and retired Navy rear admiral.
The software, which first affected Britain’s National Health Service before spreading to as many as 150 countries, locked down victims’ computers and threatened to delete their files unless they paid $300 in bitcoins. It primarily targeted users of Windows XP, an aging operating system for which Microsoft largely ended support in 2014.
Much of the potential damage from Friday’s attack was quickly contained by the efforts of a 22-year-old security researcher, who goes by @MalwareTechBlog on Twitter. The researcher discovered that the unnamed attackers had accidentally included a “kill switch” in their software that would allow the owner of a particular website to stop the attack. By paying about $10 to acquire the domain name, the researcher was able to thwart the malware.
Gavin de Becker and Associates Build Celebrity Security Terminal at LAX
Sorry, paparazzi. Celebrities who are sick of being stalked by photographers at Los Angeles International Airport can now find some privacy — not to mention luxury — at a new terminal.
The facility called the Private Suite opened Monday and offers an exclusive entrance, one-on-one security screening and plush lounges. And privileged travelers get a private car ride across the tarmac to and from the aircraft, head-of-state style. More…
Mr. Pat Murphy is a Houston, Texas security subject matter expert who provides nationwide forensic security expert witness services in numerous areas of premises liability and negligent security. Areas of expertise involve the reasonable standard of care in Security Management, Premises Liability, Background Checks, Retail Security, Security Guards, Nightclub Security, Apartment Security and the adequacy of company policy and procedures.
CV of J. Patrick Murphy
Mr. Murphy has experience in Security Management, Law Enforcement, and Loss Prevention since 1975. His career for over four decades qualifies him as a risk management and premises security liability expert witness in Federal and State Courts and provides critical knowledge and expertise in:
- Risk and Security Management Practices
- Foreseeability and standard of care;
- Crime analysis and prevention;
- (Crime Mapping for Demonstratives)
- Physical security assessment, planning, and implementation;
- Security and loss-prevention management and training;
- Development of Fortune 50 corporate strategic initiatives and policies and procedures to protect assets, human capital, and reduce losses; and
- Security management across a broad spectrum of areas within varied business sectors.
Experience: 1975 to Present
President, LPT Security Consulting, 2001 to present. Litigation services and security consulting practice specializing in two primary areas:
- Litigation Services. Mr. Murphy provides services as a testifying security expert witness for plaintiff or defense in the areas of foreseeability, premises liability, negligent security, crime analysis and security standards of care. Subject matter expert in nightclubs, concert venues, security guard negligence, apartment security and many more. Experience in over 500 cases.
- Security Consulting. Mr. Murphy provides services to businesses, corporations, schools, and individuals to provide security vulnerability assessments, crime prevention strategies, training, and physical security planning.
Director of Loss Prevention Operations, Eckerd Corporation, 1999–2001
The Eckerd Corporation was the fourth largest retail drugstore chain in the nation, with sales in excess of $16B. They had 3,000 stores and 10 distribution centers with over 78,000 employees. (Eckerd was sold to the CVS pharmacy chain in 2003.)
Mr. Murphy managed the southern half of the company’s operations through five regional loss prevention managers. He was responsible for creating and implementing strategic loss prevention and security initiatives for theft, shrinkage reduction, training, physical security hardware, state and federal controlled-drug compliance, and investigations. He also conducted high-level internal investigations as well as crime analysis to identify and respond to any emerging trends or patterns.
He developed the company’s training programs for loss prevention/security management and store operations. He also coordinated and conducted physical security surveys and audits of all facilities in his area of operations.
Regional Loss Prevention Manager, Eckerd Corporation, 1989-1999
Mr. Murphy was responsible for creating and implementing strategic loss prevention and security initiatives for theft, workplace violence, training, physical security hardware, and controlled-drug compliance and investigation. This included security management of a 500,000-square-foot warehouse.
Area Loss Prevention Manager, Sears (Houston, TX), 1979–1989
Mr. Murphy managed security and loss prevention.
Patrol Officer, Dallas Police Department (Dallas, TX), 1976–1979
Mr. Murphy was assigned to the Southeast Patrol Division.
Security Guard Supervisor, Southern Research Company (Shreveport, LA) 1975–1976
In addition to supervising guards at Louisiana Downs Racetrack, Mr. Murphy was also assigned as an undercover operative to the Investigations Division for theft and narcotics investigation.
Certified Protection Professional (CPP) 1984-1996. Board certified by ASIS (American Society for Industrial Security now ASIS International) after examination.
- B.A. Spanish and Sociology (criminology emphasis), Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, 1975
- Post graduate (3 hours), Sam Houston State University, 1978
- Certificate from The Management Program, Rice University, Jesse H. Jones School of Business Management, Houston, TX 1994
Mr. Murphy was a contributing author to the 2008 book “Retail Crime, Security, and Loss Prevention” by Charles Sennewald and John Christman regarding drug diversion investigations and retail drugstore loss prevention.
- Nightclub Security Guide[PDF]
- Courtesy Officer: A Police Officer by Any Other Name[PDF]
- Employee Theft Awareness: 10 Exposed Areas for Review[PDF]
- Employee Theft Investigation Guide [PDF]
- Prosecuting Employee Theft: Prosecute, Restitution, Promissory Note, Paycheck or Sue? What Are Your Options? [PDF]
- Drug Diversion Investigations Guide [PDF]
PUBLISHED ARTICLES AND INTERVIEWS FOR MEDIA
- “Club Owners, Security Experts Say It’s Hard to Protect Against Attacks,” Time, 6/2016
- “How Amazon Shames Warehouse Workers for Alleged Theft,” Bloomberg Business, 3/2016
- “Sneaky Thief Uses Fake Bar Codes to Steal Pricey Products”, KHOU ABC Channel 11 (Houston, TX), 12/2013
- “Mall Security After Nairobi,” Live interview on KTRK, ABC Channel 13 , 10/2013
- “Our children at risk: Security cameras at (HISD) public schools broken for months,” Interview on KHOU Channel 11 (Houston, TX), 2/2013
- “Theft from layaway at local retailer,” . Interview on KPRC, NBC Channel 2, Houston, TX. 12/2011
- “Organized Retail Crime”. Interview. KPRC, NBC Channel 2 (Houston, TX), 12/2011
- “Experts Weigh in on Criminal Flash Mobs,” Society for Human Resource Managers, 8/2011
- “Safe Haven,” Geoff Williams, American Express Inside Eagle, 4/2011
- “Internal Theft Trends and Security Systems,” Vicky Uhland, Natural Foods Merchandiser, 8/2010
- “Employee Theft at Distribution Centers,” Heather Landi, Beverage World Magazine, 8/2010
- “RX for Secure Warehouses,” Journal of Commerce, 3/2010
- “State Capitol Shooting,” Interview on KTRH AM 740 (Houston, TX), 1/2010
- “Choosing a Safe for Your Restaurant,” Pizza Magazine, 1/2010
- “Operation Loss Prevention,” Warehousing Education and Research Council, 10/2009
- “Johnson: Policy is aggravating, but it’s for the best,” Bill Johnson, Denver Post, 8/2009
- “10 Steps to Reduce Loitering at Tax Credit Housing,” Susan Hash, 8/2009
- “Stopping Losses from Shrinkage,” Pet Business Magazine, 7/2009
- “Use of Force within the Retail Industry Loss Prevention,” LP Community.org, 8/2008
- MHA Business Summit (pharmacy convention), Las Vegas, NV, 4/2017
- Do It Right (national hardware store retailer), Des Moines, IL
- Board of Directors, Houston Retail Merchants Association
- Membership Committee, Forensic Expert Witness Association, Houston, TX
- Chairman, Membership Committee, Forensic Expert Witness Association – Houston, TX 2009-2010
- Member, American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS)
- ASIS Retail Loss Prevention Council
- Texas School Safety and Security Training
- First Degree Black Belt, Tae Kwan Do, 6/2009
Recent tragedies around the country have focused attention on workplace violence in the United States. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides an annual count of fatal work injuries in the United States, including homicides. Shootings accounted for 78 percent of all workplace homicides…More
We are in an era where video cameras are in a wild assortment of shapes and sizes. The “spy camera” industry has just exploded in the past 5 years and the proliferation of adult web sites that cater to hidden camera video has been more than exponential. With that said, the natural question is why aren’t there more news stories on this? Many are planted. Few are caught.
Today, you can buy a color camera with good resolution for about $75.00. These are just not cameras. They also have a built-in battery and an SD card. Going further, the chip is programmable in a number of ways with the most frequent setting being motion-recording only. Motion-only recording triggers the camera to record when it detects motion and stop once the motion stops for a period of time. By doing that, a complete unit is no bigger than your thumb and can record hours of video.
Another threat is just the common cell phone. In unisex fitting rooms, the dividing wall does not always go to the floor and to the ceiling. There is no standard design for fitting rooms so we all have different experiences. A male who is in the stall next to a female can easily peer over or under the wall to record. With the new selfie-sticks, the range of reach could potentially overcome even high walls.
As a security expert witness, I have been involved in several hidden camera cases in both restrooms and fitting rooms. The cases involve all types of cameras, including ones that are wi-fi supported. Negligent security cases are often filed in these circumstances especially when a plaintiff learns their images have been uploaded to the internet. The Erin Andrews case is an excellent example of the use of a cell phone to secretly record someone.
Be very aware of your surroundings but also understand that these cameras can be disguised as almost anything from a smoke detector to a working electrical outlet.
PatMurphy Apartment Security, Apartment Security Crime Prevention, Background checks, Crime Analysis, Negligent Security, Security Assessments, Security Expert Witness, Security Guards, Security Management
A claim of inadequate security or negligent security at an apartment property is very common. The Texas Apartment Association (TAA) offers a Texas Crime Awareness Guide (link is at the bottom of the page) that can assist any property owner or manager develop crime prevention programs.
Apartment security is a very difficult topic for managers. The phrase: “We don’t provide security” is, in my opinion, very misunderstood and does not play well in court. Of course you don’t provide security, that is, if the definition of security is one that even infers a high level of personal safety. Even the president is not guaranteed that. However, if violent crime is occurring on your property and in the area then doing nothing is a different definition.
Tenants should be provided reasonable security. What a court may deem as “reasonable” is really a question of how the property addressed criminal activity over time. That is a pretty broad brush because the options within that are plentiful. The best crime awareness (and it’s free) is to advise tenants of crime, especially violent crime. This information allows the residents to be very aware of their surroundings in a way they may have done in the past.
Read the Texas Apartment Association’s Crime Awareness Guide! It’s full of great ideas.